Today I had a look under the hood of the Standard Arduino implementation for the Raspberry Pico. I was surprised that they did not base their work on the Pico API but they based their work on ARM Mbed.

Here is a blink example using the Ticker from the Mbed API:

Mbed Ticker

#include "mbed.h"

using namespace mbed;

Ticker ticker; 
DigitalOut led1(LED1);

void blink(){
     led1 = !led1;
}

void setup() {
    ticker.attach(&blink, 1);
}

void loop() {
}

Mbed Ticker – with Arduino Pin Names

In Arduino we do not want to introduce another set of pin names! Fortunately we can use the digitalPinToPinName() method to convert an Arduino PIN into a Mbed pin. So we can use the Arduino LED_BUILTIN like this:

#include "mbed.h"
#include "pinDefinitions.h"

using namespace mbed;

Ticker ticker; 
DigitalOut led1(digitalPinToPinName(LED_BUILTIN));

void blink(){
     led1 = !led1;
}

void setup() {
    ticker.attach(&blink, 1);
}

void loop() {
}

Mbed PWM

Arduino has just a limited PWM functionality usually at just one predefined frequency. In Mbed we have the power to flexibly define the frequency as well:

#include "mbed.h"
#include "pinDefinitions.h"

using namespace mbed;

Ticker ticker; 
PwmOut led(digitalPinToPinName(LED_BUILTIN));

float value = 0;
void setup() {
  //led.period(1.0f);   // 1 second period
  //led.period_ms(1);   // 1 millisecond period
  led.period_us(1000);  // 1000 microseconds
}

void loop() {
  value += 0.00001;
  led.write(value); // between 0.0 and 1.0
  if (value>=1.0) {
    value = 0;      
  }
}

Mbed Threads

It is also possible to start new threads:

#include "mbed.h"

using namespace mbed;

rtos::Thread thread;
rtos::Semaphore semaphore(1);

void runInThread() {
    while(true){
        semaphore.acquire();
        Serial.println("hallo from thread");
        semaphore.release();      
        delay(1000);
    }
}

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(115200);
  thread.start(runInThread);

}

void loop() {
    semaphore.acquire();
    Serial.println("hallo from thread");
    semaphore.release();      

    delay(1000);

}

Conclusion

It is good to know that if something is missing in the Arduino API, we have access to a richer API – that we can use if we are ready to sacrifice portability to other architectures….

Categories: ArduinoPico

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